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  • Edición impresa de Junio 4, 2013

The Political and Economic Power of Immigrants, Latinos, and Asians in the Hoosier State

Latino and Asian entrepreneurs and consumers add billions of dollars and tens of thousands of jobs to Indiana’s economy.

The 2012 purchasing power of Latinos in Indiana totaled $7.9 billion—an increase of 655.4% since 1990. Asian buying power totaled $4.7 billion—an increase of 568.4% since 1990, according to the Selig Center for Economic Growth at the University of Georgia.18

Indiana’s 8,756 Asian-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $3.4 billion and employed 24,730 people in 2007, the last year for which data is available.19 The state’s 8,558 Latino-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $1.7 billion and employed 14,304 people in 2007, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s Survey of Business Owners.20

Immigrants are integral to Indiana’s economy as taxpayers.

Immigrants are integral to Indiana’s economy as taxpayers.

Immigrants in Indiana paid an estimated $2.1 billion in federal, state, and local taxes in 2007, according to a study by the Sagamore Institute,21 including:

•$1.2 billion paid by naturalized U.S. citizens.

•$901.7 million paid by authorized immigrants who were not U.S. citizens.

Unauthorized immigrants in Indiana paid $121.6 million in state and local taxes in 2010, according to data from the Institute for Taxation and Economic Policy, 22 which includes:

•$28.7 million in state income taxes.

•$8.3 million in property taxes.

•$84.6 million in sales taxes.

Immigrants are integral to Indiana’s economy as workers.

Immigrants comprised 5.7% of the state’s workforce in 2011 (or 187,176 workers), according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

Unauthorized immigrants comprised 2.3% of the state’s workforce (or 70,000 workers) in 2010, according to a report by the Pew Hispanic Center.

If all unauthorized immigrants were removed from Indiana, the state would lose $2.8 billion in economic activity, $1.3 billion in gross state product, and approximately 16,739 jobs, even accounting for adequate market adjustment time, according to a report by the Perryman Group.

Immigrants are integral to Indiana’s economy as students.

Indiana’s 22,194 foreign students contributed $688.2 million to the state’s economy in tuition, fees, and living expenses for the 2011-2012 academic year, according to NAFSA: Association of International Educators.

Naturalized citizens excel educationally.

In Indiana, 34.4% of foreign-born persons who were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2011 had a bachelor’s or higher degree, compared to 26.5% of noncitizens.

The number of immigrants in Indiana with a college degree increased by 61% between 2000 and 2011, according to data from the Migration Policy Institute.

In Indiana, 81.4% of children with immigrant parents were considered “English proficient” as of 2009, according to data from the Urban Institute.

The English proficiency rate among Asian children in Indiana was 86.4%, while for Latino children it was 83.8%, as of 2009.

 


 

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