Looking at some of the numbers one can see a different pattern of migration to the United States. The following are from some of the reports of the Pew Research Center India.
From 1980 to 2013, the Indian immigrant population from 206,000 to 2.04 million, roughly doubling every decade. Today, Indian citizens receive 70% of temporary high-skilled workers’ 316,000 H-1B visa petitions. India sends the second largest number of international students to the United States after China. More than half of India immigrants in the United States obtain lawful permanent residence (also known as receiving a “green card”) through the employment-based preference.
Although the vast majority of Indian immigrants in the United States are legally present, there were approximately 284,000 unauthorized Indian immigrants in the 2009-13 period, comprising around 2.6% of the total 11 million unauthorized in the United States.
In 2013, 54% of the approximately 2.01 million Chinese immigrants residing in the United States were naturalized U.S. citizens, compared with 47% of the overall foreign-born population. Chinese immigrants are more likely to have entered more recently than the overall immigrant population and to become lawful permanent residents via employment pathways.
China is the leading country of U.S. asylum applicants—34% of all individuals granted asylum in fiscal year 2013 were from China. As of January 2012, there we approximately 210,000 unauthorized Chinese nationals living in the United States, comprising nearly 2% of the 11.4 million unauthorized immigrants in the United States.
A rising share of the U.S. black population is foreign born. A record 3.8 million black immigrants live in the United States today. In certain metropolitan areas, foreign-born blacks make up a significant share of the overall black population. For example, among the metropolitan areas with the largest black populations, 34% of blacks living in the Miami metro area are immigrants. In the New York metro area, that share is 28%, in the Washington, D.C., area, it is 15%.
Half of black immigrant half are from the Caribbean. However, much of the recent growth in the black immigrant population has been fueled from Africa. Between 2000 and 2013, the number of black African immigrants living in the U.S. rose 137%. Africans now make up 36% of the total foreign-born black population, up from 24% in 2000 and just 7% in 1980.
Many black immigrants are from Spanish-speaking countries. Among these, the Dominican Republic is the largest country of birth, with 166,000 black immigrants. Mexico is also a source of black immigration with roughly 70,000 black immigrants. Some 41,000 are from Cuba, and 32,000 are Panamanian. Moreover, 11% of the foreign-born black population identifies as Hispanic.
The U.S. Immigration Act of 1990 sought to increase the number of immigrants from underrepresented nations. This act, also known as the diversity visa program, has been an important way for African immigrants to enter the U.S. Caribbean and sub-Saharan African immigrants are less likely to have been admitted via employment -based visa programs than immigrants overall.
Since 1960, the nation’s Latino population has increased nearly from 6.3million then to 54.0 million by 2013. Between 1980 and 2000, immigration was the main driver of Latino population growth as the numbers grew from 4.2 million to 14.1 million. However since 2000, the primary source of Latino population growth has been from native births. Between 2000 and 2010, there were 9.6 million Latino births in the U.S., while the number of newly arrived immigrants was 6.5 million.
A final thought on the matter is that U.S. is a very diverse country and immigrants from many countries arrive and stay.
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